title: transformation for presence
topic: transcribing, translating, human microphone, mediating each other's speech
00:00:06,040 You will listen parts of my online archive
00:00:11,400 that includes recordings
00:00:14,540 from meetings I have co-organized
00:00:20,080 and internet sources related to my research.
00:01:25,340 During the conflict in Syria, a group of people that wanted to broadcast their own news for the safety of the citizens and the avoidance of more killings, set up a radio station.
00:01:37,140 The station which was called Radio Fresh
00:01:40,260 seized to exist in 2016 because of a sudden intervention from Nusra, an extremist Islamist group.
00:01:54,220 Some groups of women decided to first learn vocal techniques and participate in the radio station.
00:02:02,500 They then broadcasted their own music and speech, but after a while Nusra threatened to close the station if women didn't leave.
00:02:13,240 Nusra considered their voices shameful, a form of nakedness.
00:03:22,460 You are listening to people reading extracts
00:03:27,840 reading a transcription of a radio podcast
00:05:40,200 This kind of male extremist group seeks to prevent women from political expression.
00:05:46,300 After these threats these women were helped to electronically re-modulate their voices from female to male.
00:05:54,940 They felt weird with this transformation but everybody was taken their words seriously.
00:06:01,080 And after a while they got used to it.
00:06:04,280 It became part of themselves.
00:06:19,240 In one of our meetings
00:06:22,960 with people that were interested in this
00:06:28,980 in voice in public
00:06:32,440 we shared personal experiences regarding speech.
00:06:40,160 And we listened back to our voices
00:06:43,820 but being distorted.
00:08:50,840 Laurie Anderson
00:08:53,860 in her performance "Mach 20"
00:08:57,180 distorted her voice and sounded like male
00:09:02,780 speaking through this new voice.
00:10:39,760 In Ancient Greece there was an utterance, a high-pitched cry
00:10:46,140 the "ololyga", which was a female ritual practice.
00:11:44,660 This irrational way of speaking was excluded from the civic space of Ancient Greek Democracy.
00:11:59,960 But this is like this fear of
00:12:04,440 a more primitive nature of ourselves
00:12:11,500 We then tried, together with this group of people, to read, to sing
00:12:20,780 or to read vowels that we had extracted from our sentences,
00:12:31,060 describing personal experiences, and sing them together
00:12:37,480 as a reminder of this Ancient female utterance
00:12:42,280 but again with a technically distorted voice.
00:13:19,460 According to Anne Carson
00:13:24,320 the quality of sound
00:13:28,680 of voice is falsely associated with gender.
00:13:36,700 Who said that men should sound like men?
00:13:44,520 or women like women.
title: Female to Male
topic: voice's transformation, change gender